The new criminology is part of this approach is a reworking of Marxist conflict theories and replaces the ‘left idealism’ within that approach with a ‘left realism’. Whilst there is still an emphasis on the impact of deprivation (and the injustices of capitalism) and its role in criminal activity, the realist approach differs because it,
- explores more dimensions of crime than the idealist approach, looking at offenders, victims, the state, the public and the interrelationships between these,
- acknowledges the degree of consensus about crime that is shared, regardless of social-class (e.g. robbery, assault etc. is wrong and these views are not related to ones place in the capitalist production process),
- acknowledges that the link between crime and working-classes is not simply an ideological invention of the powerful; crime is a reality and more of a problem among the working-classes. A realist approach believes policies are needed to try to deal with it.